Hypertension and Heart

Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart conditions caused by high blood pressure.

The heart working under increased pressure causes some different heart disorders. Hypertensive heart disease includes heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, and other conditions.

High blood pressure makes it difficult for your heart to pump blood. Like other muscles in your body, regular hard work causes your heart muscles to thicken and grow. This alters the way the heart functions. These changes usually happen in the main pumping chamber of the heart, the left ventricle. The condition is known as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).

CHD can cause LVH and vice versa. When you have CHD, your heart must work harder. If LVH enlarges your heart, it can compress the coronary arteries.

Medications help your heart in a variety of ways. The main goals are to prevent your blood from clotting, improve the flow of your blood, and lower your cholesterol.

Examples of common heart disease medications include:

water pills to help lower blood pressure

nitrates to treat chest pain

statins to treat high cholesterol

calcium channel blockers and ACE inhibitors to help lower blood pressure

aspirin to prevent blood clots

It’s important to always take all medications exactly as prescribed.